You can expect signs of wear and use on vintage items. I do my very best to photograph and describe the state of your future treasure. At the beginning of the reign, the fan was a far less important 11 accessory than it had been in the eighteenth century or even in the first quarter of the nineteenth century. The fans of the early nineteenth century were generally fairly small and plain, with leaves of thin silk spangled and lightly painted; their sticks, also, compared with those of earlier fans, were plain and unornamented. There were also small brise fansfans without a leafwhose sticks, of thin ivory or wood, pierced, carved and linked together with ribbon, extended to form the whole fan.
These, also, were sometimes painted, either in small motifs on each stick or with a single motif over the open fan. Fans in the eighteenth-century style reappeared in the 1840s, fans with sticks of ivory or mother-of-pearl elaborately carved and gilded, with leaves of vellum, each a small-scale, beautifully executed painting.The paintings were copies of those on eighteenth-century fans, or scenes painted a la Watteau. These elaborate fans were imported from France into England; but most of the fans used in this country during the period were imported, from France, China or Japan. At the time of the Fan Exhibition at South Kensington in 1870 it was stated that fan- making as a trade was little represented in London where, out of seven or eight firms given in the directory, one only was English, the rest being French.
Several French artists worked in this medium and many fan painters and stick ornamenters worked as known artists. The most costly and aristocratic of nineteenth-century fans were made in this eighteenth-century style, but not all the surviv- ing fans made in this traditional style were of the first quality. The cheaper ones had leaves of painted paper. The treatment of the painted figures and their dress will usually, if compared with an eighteenth-century fan, reveal the nineteenth-century origin. A new nineteenth-century leaf may, of course, replace an earlier damaged one, so that a fan may have eighteenth-century sticks and a nineteenth-century leaf.By the 1860s the fan was more generally fashionable and popular, and there are fans of all kinds from this period. Many of the cheaper fans are attractive and are more essentially of their moment than the costly fans executed in the grand manner. Amongst them are fans of crepe with spangled decoration, which had reappeared in the 1850s. The 1860s have their characteristic spangles of steel cut in star or flower-shapes, and often fretted.
The sticks are often rather broad, in wood, bone or ivory, with coarse geometric piercing and fretted designs, some- times with a spotted inlay of steel spangles. Fans which have a small oval leaf at the top of each stick are also a style of this decade. Fans of plain or watered silk were painted with wreaths of flowers or with figures.
There was a good deal of amateur fan-painting during the second half of the century. Small brise fans of sandalwood, which were the fans of outdoor use, were also painted. Flowers and birds were the usual subjects for their decoration; but, according to the Englishwomans Domestic Magazine, a dogs head or one of the favourite race-horses of the time was a popular subject in 1866. The fans of the middle of the century are of a small to medium size, usually between six and ten inches in length. By 1870, the fan was once more universally used: No toilette can be considered complete without a fan (Queen, 1870).The large number of fans which survive from the 1870s and 1880s is a witness of this. Fans of the 1870s usually have broad and heavy sticks with varied shaping. Their leaves are usually silk or satin, and are often lace-trimmed, embroidered or painted. Some of them were trimmed with a light feather-edging, usually of marabout; this edging is, however, also found on fans of the 1860s, and occasionally on those of the 1840s and 1850s. Feather fans were popular in the 1870s.
Feathers of many different kinds appear in fans of this datecocks, peacocks, pheasants and pigeons. There are examples of painted quill fans from the 1840s, but fans which make decorative use of contrasting kinds of feathers of different natural shadings and patterns, and of natural and dyed feathers, are likely to be of the 1870s. Feather was also used for fans of the screen type, which had a renewed popularity from the late 1870s to the end of the century; sometimes these are adorned with a small bird, complete and stuffed, a fashionable decoration which is found nestling on many garments and accessories of the 1880s. The item "Vintage Victorian Lace Folding Ladies Hand Opera Fan Elegant Gold Guilt Framed" is in sale since Sunday, January 19, 2020. This item is in the category "Antiques\Decorative Arts\Other Antique Decorative Arts".The seller is "collectingathome" and is located in Boonville, Indiana. This item can be shipped to United States, all countries in Europe, Canada, Japan, Australia.